Efficient Classification for Large-scale Problems by multiple LDA Subspaces

Publikation aus Digital

Uray M., Peter M. Roth, Horst Bischof

Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications VISAPP 2009, Lissabon, P , 2009


In this paper we consider the limitations of Linear Discriminative Analysis (LDA) when applying it for largescale problems. Since LDA was originally developed for two-class problems the obtained transformation is sub-optimal if multiple classes are considered. In fact, the separability between the classes is reduced, which decreases the classification power. To overcome this problem several approaches including weighting strategies and mixture models were proposed. But these approaches are complex and computational expensive. Moreover, they were only tested for a small number of classes. In contrast, our approach allows to handle a huge number of classes showing excellent classification performance at low computational costs. The main idea is to split the original data into multiple sub-sets and to compute a single LDA space for each sub-set. Thus, the separability in the obtained subspaces is increased and the overall classification power is improved. Moreover, since smaller matrices have to be handled the computational complexity is reduced for both, training and classification. These benefits are demonstrated on different publicly available datasets. In particular, we consider the task of object recognition, where we can handle up to 1000 classes.

Keywords: LDA, Image classification, Large databases.