HArMoNICS: High-Assurance Microgrid Network Infrastructure Case Study
Publication from Digital
Forschungsgruppe Cyber Security and Defence
Gianluca Roascio, Gabriele Costa, Emmanuel Baccelli, Lukas Malina, Raimundas Matulevičius, Marius Momeu, Nerijus Morkevičius, Enrico Russo, Branka Stojanović, Aimilia Tasidou
IEEE Access ( Volume: 10), 10/2022
Modern Intelligent Infrastructures (II) are highly complex, interconnected systems that are now emerging. For instance, II can integrate technologies and processes to provide citizens with faster services and better goods. An average II can include many technologies, e.g., Cloud applications and IoT devices, under different environments, e.g., industry 4.0 production plants and smart buildings. Although II bring concrete benefits to all of these contexts, they also carry security concerns. Reasoning about threats and security exposures that might affect II is non-trivial. This is only partially due to their inherent complexity. As a matter of fact, real II are typically in charge of some critical operations that cannot be interrupted or compromised for experimental purposes. An alternative solution is to rely on digital replicas which can provide a good trade-off between realism and usability. These assets represent a strategic and highly demanded resource for the security community. In this paper, we present HArMoNICS, a case study infrastructure meant to provide a playground for security experts interested in II security. HArMoNICS revolves around a digital replica of a real Smart Polygeneration Microgrid (SPM) located in Italy. Although most of the components are based on or inspired by the real system, HArMoNICS has been enriched with further security-relevant features. As a result, the case study includes vertical use cases focusing on specific security topics. Security researchers can use it to assess the effectiveness of new methodologies, to carry out security training activities, or even to extend it with new elements.
Keywords: Security, cyber security, embedded systems, intelligent infrastructure, case study.