Minocycline Extended-Release Comparison with Doxycycline for the Treatment of Rosacea: A Randomized, Head-to-Head, Clinical Trial
Publication from Health
Tsianakas A, Pieber TR, Baldwin H, Alikunju S, Feichtner F, Gautam A, Shenoy S, Singh P, Sidgiddi S
J Clin Aesthet Dermatol , 12/2021
Objective: Minocycline efficacy for the treatment of papulopustular rosacea (PPR) has not been evaluated in clinical trials at levels demonstrated to stay below the antimicrobial threshold. We assessed the efficacy, safety, and dose response of DFD-29, a minocycline extended-release oral capsule. Two studies are reported (NCT03340961).
Methods: A single-center open-label, three-arm, Phase I pharmacokinetic study randomized 24 healthy subjects aged 18 to 45 years to receive 21 days of once-daily dosing with DFD-29 40 or 20mg, or doxycycline 40mg. Blood samples were collected over 24 hours on Days 1 and 21 to plot mean plasma concentration levels. A multicenter Phase II clinical trial randomized 205 subjects with mild-to-severe PPR 1:1:1:1 to receive once-daily DFD-29 40 or 20mg, doxycycline 40mg, or placebo for 16 weeks. Co-primary endpoints were the proportion of subjects achieving treatment success (IGA grade 0 or 1 and ≥2-grade improvement) at Week 16, and a reduction in total inflammatory lesion count at Week 16.
Results: Pharmacokinetic analysis demonstrated that minocycline plasma levels of DFD-29 40mg were approximately half those of doxycycline 40mg after 21 days, with DFD-29 20mg even lower, demonstrating a dose response. In the Phase II trial, DFD-29 40mg met both co-primary endpoints, achieving IGA treatment success in 66.0 percent subjects versus 11.5 percent placebo (p<0.0001), 31.9 percent DFD-29 20mg (p=0.007), and 33.3 percent doxycycline 40mg (p<0.0010), and a mean reduction in lesion counts of -19.2 versus -7.3 placebo (p<0.0001), -12.6 DFD-29 20mg (p=0.0070), and -10.5 doxycycline 40mg (p=0.0004).
Limitations: MIC values and plasma concentrations shown for antibacterial threshold data are mean values; fast absorbers/slow metabolizers could exceed the threshold, causing resistance selection pressure.
Conclusion: DFD-29 40mg demonstrated significantly greater efficacy than placebo, DFD-29 20mg, and doxycycline 40mg at plasma concentrations predicted to be below the antimicrobial threshold for the treatment of PPR.
Keywords: Rosacea; doxycycline; minocycline; papulopustular rosacea