Physiological hyperinsulinemia has no detectable effect on access of macromolecules to insulin-sensitive tissues in healthy humans.
Publication from Health
Weinhandl H., Pachler C., Mader J. K., Ikeoka D., Mautner A., Falk A., Suppan M., Pieber T. R., Ellmerer M.
Graz Diabetes 56 (9): 2213-2217., 2007
OBJECTIVE: Physiologically elevated insulin concentrations promote access of macromolecules to skeletal muscle in dogs. We investigated whether insulin has a stimulating effect on the access of macromolecules to insulin-sensitive tissues in humans as well. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a randomized, controlled trial, euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp (1.2 mU x kg(-1) x min(-1) insulin) and saline control experiments were performed in 10 healthy volunteers (aged 27.5 +/- 4 years, BMI 22.6 +/- 1.6 kg/m(2)). Distribution and clearance parameters of inulin were determined in a whole-body approach, combining primed intravenous infusion of inulin with compartment modeling. Inulin kinetics were measured in serum using open-flow microperfusion in interstitial fluid of femoral skeletal muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue. RESULTS: Inulin kinetics in serum were best described using a three-compartment model incorporating a serum and a fast and a slow equilibrating compartment. Inulin kinetics in interstitial fluid of peripheral insulin-sensitive tissues were best represented by the slow equilibrating compartment. Serum and interstitial fluid inulin kinetics were comparable between the insulin and saline groups. Qualitative analysis of inulin kinetics was confirmed by model-derived distribution and clearance parameters of inulin. Physiological hyperinsulinemia (473 +/- 6 vs. 18 +/- 2 pmol/l for the insulin and saline group, respectively; P 0.001) indicated no effect on distribution volume (98.2 +/- 6.2 vs. 102.5 +/- 5.7 ml/kg; NS) or exchange parameter (217.6 +/- 34.2 vs. 243.1 +/- 28.6 ml/min; NS) of inulin to peripheral insulin-sensitive tissues. All other parameters identified by the model were also comparable between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that in contrast to studies performed in dogs, insulin at physiological concentrations does not augment recruitment of insulin-sensitive tissues in healthy humans.