Clinical evaluation of alternative-site glucose measurements in patients after major cardiac surgery.
Publication from Health
Ellmerer M., Haluzik M., Blaha J., Kremen J., Svacina S., Toller W., Mader J., Schaupp L., Plank J., Prof Dr Thomas Pieber
Graz Diabetes Care 29(6): 1275-1281., 6/2006
OBJECTIVE: Tight glycemic control improves outcome in critically ill patients but requires frequent glucose measurements. Subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) has been characterized as promising for glucose monitoring in diabetes, but it remains unknown whether it can also be used as an alternative site in critically ill patients. The present study was performed to clinically evaluate the relation of glucose in SAT compared with arterial blood in patients after major cardiac surgery. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Forty critically ill patients were investigated at two clinical centers after major cardiac surgery. Arterial blood and SAT microdialysis samples were taken in hourly intervals for a period of up to 48 h. The glucose concentration in dialysate was calibrated using a two-step approach, first using the ionic reference technique to calculate the SAT glucose concentration (SATg) and second using a one-point calibration procedure to obtain a glucose profile comparable to SAT-derived blood glucose (BgSAT). Clinical validation of the data was performed by introducing data analysis based on an insulin titration algorithm. RESULTS: Correlation between dialysate glucose and blood glucose (median 0.80 [interquartile range 0.68-0.88]) was significantly improved using the ionic reference calibration technique (SATg vs.blood glucose 0.90 [0.83-0.94]; P 0.001). Clinical evaluation of the data indicated that 96.1% of glucose readings from SAT would allow acceptable treatment according to a well-established insulin titration protocol. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate good correlation between SATg and blood glucose in patients after major cardiac surgery. Clinical evaluation of the data suggests that with minor limitations, glucose from SAT can be used to establish tight glycemic control in this patient group.