Printed Copper Nanoparticle Metal Grids for Cost‐Effective ITO‐Free Solution Processed Solar Cells
Publication from Materials
Efthymios Georgiou, Stelios. A. Choulis, Felix Hermerschmidt, Sergey M. Pozov, Ignasi Burgués‐Ceballos, Constantinos Christodoulou, Gerburg Schider, Stefanie Kreissl, Richard Ward, Emil J. W. List‐Kratochvil, Christine Boeffel
RRL Solar 2 (1), 1/2018
Copper nanoparticle inks have drawn much attention since they have the potential to constitute an alternative cost‐effective solution than other noble metals nanoparticle inks such as Ag for indium tin oxide (ITO)‐free printed electronic applications. Our research and development efforts have produced high conductivity copper nanoparticle inks which have excellent jetting and printing properties resulting in high quality inkjet‐printed (IJP) Cu nanoparticle‐based metal grids. We present ITO‐free, Si‐PCPDTBT: PCBM organic photovoltaics (OPVs) processed in ambient low‐cost fabrication conditions comprising for the first time embedded and non embedded inkjet‐printed copper grid/Poly(3,4‐ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) as the bottom electrode with power conversion efficiencies (PCE) of 2.56 and 3.35%, respectively. The results of the ITO‐free OPVs using inkjet‐printed Cu nanoparticle current collecting grids are discussed relevant to reference ITO‐based OPVs with PCE of 4.92%.