Pulsed laser deposition of titanium oxide coatings at room temperature-structural, mechanical and triboogical properties
Publication from Materials
Surf. Coat. Tech. 180-181, pp. 585-590, 2004
Titaniumoxide (TiOx) coatings exhibit extraordinary optical, electrical and tribological properties, but very less is known about coatings deposited at room temperature. In the present work this gap was closed by employing the room temperature pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique. In order to simulate different deposition conditions, the substrate (AISI M2, molybdenum) surfaces were situated parallel (‘on-axis’ geometry) and perpendicular (‘off-axis’) to the pure titaniumtar gets ablated by the Nd:YAG lasers with a wavelength of 1064 nm. The combination of a four-beam PLD evaporator with a suitable movement of the substrates resulted in a high-rate filmgr owth on large surfaces. The coating structure investigated by X-ray diffraction consists of a mixture of monoclinic ß-TiO2 and amorphous TiOx phase. The ratio of the amount of the phases, the hardness and the elastic constants strongly depend on the O2 gas pressure and the target–substrate arrangement applied for deposition. Owing to the very high adhesion and their very smooth surfaces, the TiOx coatings exhibit friction coefficients of approximately 0.55 and wear rates of lower than 10-15 m3 N-1 m-1, turning out that titanium oxide coatings deposited by means of PLD are very promising candidates for wear protection applications.