, Rolling or Two-Stage Aggregation of Platelets on the Surface of Thin Ceramic Coatings under in Vitro Simulated Blood Flow Conditions
Publication from Materials
Laser- und Plasma-Technologien
A. Mzyk, G. Imbir, K. Trembecka-Wójciga, J. M. Lackner, H. Plutecka, E. Jasek-Gajda, J. Kawałko, R. Major
ACS Biomater. Sci. Eng. 6, 2, 898–911,https://doi.org/10.1021/acsbiomaterials.9b01074, 2020
The process of modern cardiovascular device fabrication should always be associated with an investigation of how surface properties modulate its hemocompatibility through plasma protein adsorption as well as blood morphotic element activation and adhesion. In this work, a package of novel assays was used to correlate the physicochemical properties of thin ceramic coatings with hemocompatibility under dynamic conditions. Different variants of carbon-based films were prepared on polymer substrates using the magnetron sputtering method. The microstructural, mechanical, and surface physicochemical tests were performed to characterize the coatings, followed by investigation of whole human blood quality changes under blood flow conditions using the “Impact R” test, tubes’ tester, and radial flow chamber assay. The applied methodology allowed us to determine that aggregate formation on hydrophobic and hydrophilic carbon-based coatings may follow one of the two different mechanisms dependent on the type and conformational changes of adsorbed blood plasma proteins.
Keywords: hemocompatibility platelet activation rolling aggregation protein adsorption ceramic coating