Kinematic Redundancy Analysis for (2n+1)R Circular Manipulators

Publikation aus Robotics

Zijia Li, Mathias Brandstötter , Michael Hofbaur

IEEE Transactions on Robotics, August 2022 , 8/2022


The kinematic analysis of redundant serial manipulators with 2n+1 revolute joints (integer n>2), which we call circular manipulators, is presented in this article. The structure of the kinematic chain of circular manipulators has special properties that can be seen in the Denavit-Hartenberg parameters: all orthogonal distances are zero, all even-numbered offsets are zeros, but odd-numbered offsets are not. Typical manipulators that fulfill these properties are redundant 7R serial chains (n=3) that mimic the human arm, e.g., the lightweight robot arm KUKA LBR iiwa. This 7R circular manipulator has self-motion as rotation around an axis that goes through two fixed points for a fixed pose. First, radical reparametrization is presented based on the swivel angle of the closed-form inverse kinematics solution for the 7R circular manipulator. Second, for a six-dimensional task, the inverse kinematics solution for redundant serial manipulators with 2n+1 revolute joints (n>2) is reparametrized by the swivel angle and other 2n-6 rotation parameters. From a geometric point of view, for a circular manipulator with 2n+1 revolute joints, one can have n(n−1)/2 choices of such circular rotations. Third, we conjecture numerical kinematic singularities for circular manipulators in a recursive formula, confirming n=5,6,7.

Keywords: Collision avoidance, industrial robots, kinematic singularities, recursively solution, redundant robots