The dermal arteries in the cutaneous angiosome of the descending genicular artery

Publication from Coremed

Ines E. Tinhofer, Maximilian Zaussinger, Stefan H. Geyer, Stefan Meng, Lars-Peter Kamolz, Chieh-Han J. Tzou, Wolfgang J. Weninger

Journal of Antonomy , 4/2018


Studies examining thick skin of the thumb pad have challenged the existence of an arterial plexus in the papillary dermis. Instead of a plexus, discrete arterial units, interconnected by arterio-arterial anastomoses, were identified. We hypothesise that the dermal arteries of thin skin are arranged likewise and that there are fewer arterio-arterial anastomoses in the centre of an angiosome than in zones where neighbouring
angiosomes overlap. To test these hypotheses, we examined the dermal arteries in the centre of the cutaneous angiosome of the descending genicular artery (DGA) and its zone of overlap with neighbouring angiosomes. Using traditional perfusion techniques, the cutaneous angiosomes of the DGA and the popliteal artery were identified in 11 fresh frozen human lower limbs. Biopsies were harvested from the centre of the  utaneous DGA angiosome and from the zone where neighbouring vascular territories overlapped. Employing highresolution episcopic microscopy (HREM), digital volume data were generated and the dermal arteries were three-dimensionally reconstructed and examined. In all examined skin areas, the dermal arteries showed treelike
ramifications. The branches of the dermal arteries were connected on average by 1.73 +/- 1.01 arterioarterial anastomoses in the centre of the DGA angiosome and by 3.27 +/- 1.27 in the zone where angiosomes overlapped. We demonstrate that discrete but overlapping dermal arterial units with a mean dimension of 1.62 +/- 1.34 and 1.80 +/- 1.56 mm2, respectively, supply oxygen and nutrients to the superficial dermis and
epidermis of the thin skin of the medial femur. This forms the basis for diagnosing and researching skin

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