Biomechanical properties of the thin PVD coatings defined by red blood cells
Publication from Materials
Trembecka-Wojciga, K., Major, R., Lackner, J.M., Bruckert, F., Jasek, E., Major, B.
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences: Technical Sciences, 63 (3), pp. 697-705 , 9/2015
The measurement of the strength of bonds between biomaterials and cells is a major challenge in biotribology since it allows for the identification of different species in adhesion phenomena. Biomaterials, such as diamond-like carbon (DLC), titanium, and titanium nitride, seem to be good candidates for future blood-contact applications. These materials were deposited as thin films by the hybrid pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique to examine the influence of such surfaces on cell behavior. The biomaterial examinations were performed in static conditions with red blood cells and then subjected to a dynamical test to observe the cell detachment kinetics. The tests revealed differences in behavior with respect to the applied coating material. The strongest cell-biomaterial interaction was observed for the carbon-based materials compared to the titanium and titanium nitride. Among many tests, a radial flow interaction analysis gives the opportunity to analyze cell adhesion to the applied material with the high accuracy. Analysis of concentrates helped to select materials for further dynamic tests on blood using an aortic flow simulator. In this case, the platelet adhesion to the surface and their degree of activation was analyzed. The quality of the selected coating was tested using a scratch test. The analyses of the microstructure were done using high resolution transmission electron microscopy. The phase composition and the residual stress were analyzed using X-ray diffraction methods.