Safety-Related Risks and Opportunities of Key Design-Aspects for Industrial Human-Robot Collaboration

Publication from Robotics
Mechatronische Systeme, Industrie-Robotersystem-Technologien

Lukas Kaiser , Andreas Schlotzhauer , Mathias Brandstötter

Interactive Collaborative Robotics. ICR 2018. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 11097, Springer International Publishing, pp. 95-104 , 8/2018


For several years, sensitive robots are used in industry and in some cases perform collaborative tasks directly with humans on shared workplaces. At first glance, this type of human-machine interaction is associated with high risks. However, additional devices, advanced functionalities and risk mitigation activities can ensure that such collaborative scenarios are safe for humans. The essential aspects are the collaborative operation methods, workspace layout, end effectors, human machine interfaces and ergonomics. In this work we shed light on these important aspects of human-robot collaboration and discuss its facets. By adequately reducing and communicate potential indiscernible risks a robot is made trustworthy for a human being.


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Keywords: Industrial Human-Robot Collaboration, Safety, Collaborative Robots